How to recognize the pain of varicose veins?

varicose veins

Varicose veins are a very common and also very serious disease. Many people see it mainly as an aesthetic problem, but untreated varicose veins can result in serious complications. You can find out how varicose veins hurt, how to recognize them in the early stages of the disease and how to seek medical help in time in today’s article. 

What are varicose veins?

Varicose veins, or varicose veins, are the most common venous disease, affecting women more than men. Other risk factors for varicose veins include age, genetic predisposition, pregnancy, and excess weight. 

Varixes arise mainly in the lower extremities, where blood flows back to the heart against gravity and its progress is greatly impeded. Fortunately, the body has some ingenious mechanisms to help pump blood out of the lower extremities as well. These are valves to prevent backflow and the placement of blood vessels between muscles to massage them and help mechanically with transport. 

When blood in the lower extremities stagnates, it increases pressure on the vessel wall, widening it and creating folds. The disease manifests itself not only as pain but also as a cosmetic problem. 

How do varicose veins hurt

Pain is a highly subjective symptom in varicose veins and each patient describes a different pain and a different experience of it. Manifestations also vary depending on the degree of disease and the extent of varicose veins. 

In the initial stages, there is no pain as such, but rather a tingling and heavy feeling in the legs, which, although unpleasant, does not restrict the patient in any way. As the disease progresses, pain and other symptoms also develop. 

Varicose veins are an unpleasant and painful disease. With early treatment, you can avoid worsening the disease and more serious complications. Last but not least, there is also a good chance that varicose veins can be completely removed.

A cosmetic problem and can have a number of serious complications.  

Symptoms of varicose veins

In the early stages of the disease, the following symptoms occur:

  • feeling of heavy feet,
  • swelling around the ankles,
  • itching and tingling,
  • tightness in the feet,
  • enlarged purple veins.

If the disease is not treated, the problem worsens and other symptoms appear:

  • pain,
  • pulsatile cramps,
  • leg swelling,
  • redness in course of veins,
  • vacuolar bulging of the vessel wall,
  • color changes on the skin,
  • bleeding from veins. 

An untreated disease has many risks that can end in death in serious causes:

  • superficial venous inflammation,
  • pulmonary ulcers in untreated varicose veins,
  • bleeding,
  • venous thrombosis,
  • pulmonary embolism (a ruptured thrombus travels to the lungs). 

Prevention and Treatment

Prevention of varicose veins is a healthy lifestyle, especially adequate weight and plenty of exercise. In contrast, the likelihood of varicose veins increases: 

  • wearing heels,
  • sitting with a leg over the foot,
  • lack of exercise,
  • obesity,
  • pregnancy,
  • long periods of standing or sitting. 

In the early stages of the disease, the emphasis is on conservative treatment. This consists of removing risk factors and supporting the vascular wall with compression stockings and veno-pharmaceuticals – drugs to strengthen the vascular wall. Of course, weight reduction and appropriate exercise (walking, swimming) are essential.

If conservative treatment fails or the patient comes to the doctor only at a later stage of the disease, then surgical treatment comes into play. There are several surgical solutions available today and the patient is always offered a tailored treatment.

Varixes, despite surgical treatment, are prone to recurrence and therefore avoiding risk factors that can cause varicose veins to return is always the first priority.

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